German kindergartens admit children from three to six years of age. The kindergartens are co-funded either by the churches - Protestant (Evangelisch) or Catholic (Katholisch) - or by parents' initiatives or by the municipal authorities. Class size varies, but is generally around 20. The goal is to improve the child's independent action and orientation in their surroundings. Free play is encouraged. Hours are from 7:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and from 2 to 4 p.m. The number of kindergartens that offer longer opening hours as well as a lunch for the children has increased over the past years. Fees depend on the parents' annual income and on the opening hours of the institution.
Day-Care Centres (Kindertagesstätten)
In day-care centres the children receive lunch and have the opportunity to have a nap at midday. Class size is about 20. Hours from 7:30 a.m. - 4:30 or 5:00 p.m. Day-care centres too are co-funded either by the churches, by parents' initiatives or by the local authorities. Several large companies in Bonn also offer in-house day-care centres for the children of their staff. Day-care centres provide services for children from four months to six years of age. Fees are based on the parents' annual income and are higher, as they cover longer opening hours and lunch.